Calgary Low Back Pain Treatment

Low back pain can be debilitating, and over 80% of people will experience it in their lifetime. Some of the more common causes of pain in the low back include facet joint irritation, discogenic pain, muscle spasm, and osteoarthritis. The appropriate diagnosis and treatment of low back pain significantly and efficiently improves outcomes.

Facet Joint Irritation:
Facet joint irritation can occur at any level of the spine, though it is often seen in cases of low back pain. Irritation of the facet joints occurs as a result of either limitations in normal range of motion at a joint (restricted facets), or, too much or improper motion at the joint (facet joint sprain). In both cases, pain, stiffness, and sensitivity at the level of the irritation occurs.

Treatment for facet joint irritation includes: Joint mobilizations, joint manipulations, and rehabilitation exercise.

Discogenic Pain:
Discogenic pain is a term that encompasses symptoms caused by the irritation, bulge, or herniation of a disc. This type of pain can occur at any level of the spine and is commonly seen in cases of low back pain that also involve pain or other symptoms in the leg. Disc injuries
most commonly occur in patients 20 to 40 years of age and often as the result of lifting, bending, or twisting improperly. The pain tends to be more intense in the leg than in the back and may involve sensations of burning, numbness, tingling, or clumsiness in the leg. Diligent assessment and diagnosis is important for the formation of an appropriate plan of action and for the prevention of complications.

Treatment options include: electro-acupuncture, Active Release Techniques, and rehabilitation exercises.

Muscle Spasm:
Muscle spasm in the low back is often caused by sudden, unexpected, or aberrant movement patterns that cause improper muscle splinting and stabilization. This type of spasm frequently results in extreme dysfunction and stiffness that may be persistent or recurrent. Soft tissue therapies, gentle stretching, and strengthening exercises are effective in the treatment and prevention of muscle spasm and its potential recurrence.

Treatment options include: massage, Active Release Techniques, electrotherapeutic modalities, rehabilitation exercise.

Osteoarthritis:
Osteoarthritis occurs when the joint space between articulating bones decreases; it can occur at any joint within the body and is a very common condition resulting from use, overuse, and normal processes of aging. Osteoarthritis can cause pain and stiffness leading to overuse of surrounding soft tissues as a compensation mechanism. Although osteoarthritis, itself, cannot be reversed, the symptoms of it can be significantly reduced using manual therapies and exercise.

Treatments for the symptoms of osteoarthritis: strength and stability exercise, acupuncture, Laser, and Active Release Techniques.